Jobs And Benefits Offices

The benefit referred to in Section 111A and Section 111A above can be for the defendant or for some other person. When considering the various offences available, it will be a matter of fact in each case, as to whether dishonesty can be proved to the required standard. This means that prosecutors may not always choose or continue with the most serious charge where there is a choice and the interests of justice are met by selecting the lesser charge. Does not override the need for each case to be considered on its individual merits nor fetter the discretion to charge and to prosecute the most appropriate offence depending on the particular facts of the case.

The basic information that the present article provides leads to a better understanding of the health policies and situations in the United States, contributing to medical and social science research. In 1909, the rate was approximately 20% (20.05%); only one of five people had an SSN. The historical changes in the rates of SSN holders in the United States between 1909 and 2019 are summarized in Figure 2.

When once his actual state of mind as to knowledge or belief as to facts is established, the question whether his conduct was honest or dishonest is to be determined by the fact-finder by applying the standards of ordinary decent people. There is no requirement that the defendant must appreciate that what he has done is, by those standards, dishonest. Where an appeal is lodged after the commencement of criminal proceedings, the decision on how to proceed will be made by the reviewing lawyer. The “overpayment decision” is a civil process made on the balance of probabilities based on the information obtained during the investigation. The overpayment decision procedure is conducted by officials who apply Social Security and Tax Credit Regulations.

Income-based JSA is means-tested and non-contributory and is paid for as long as the person satisfies the conditions of entitlement. Income-based JSA can be paid “on-top” of contribution-based JSA if the person has additional needs such has disability or mortgage payments. Contributory ESA is paid to people who satisfy the national insurance contribution conditions and who do not have to pass a means-test (although some earnings-related income can reduce the amount paid). Council Tax Benefit was means tested and paid to people on low income and who are liable to pay council tax. Carer’s Allowance is paid to people who are providing care to another person who is in receipt of certain benefits (e.g. DLA, PIP, AA etc) for 35 hours or more a week.

Benefit Security Division within the Department, has the overall responsibility for detecting and investigating benefit fraud and error. IS can be paid in addition to other benefits to top up income to a certain level. After serving a specified waiting period mortgage payments and other housing costs can be met in a claim for IS. Section 201 of the Act permits the Secretary of State for Health to disclose information for the purposes of any criminal investigation or criminal proceedings. This provision enables information to be disclosed to the Director of Public Prosecutions for the purposes set out in the assignment referred to above. The majority of NHS prosecutions will be brought under the general criminal law.

The maximum sentence available for Fraud Act offences tried on indictment is 10 years’ imprisonment. The maximum sentence for bespoke benefit fraud offences under Section 111A of the SSAA 1992 is 7 years’ imprisonment. Where the sentence is likely to exceed 7 years, it may be more appropriate to charge a Fraud Act 2006 offence. Separate sentencing guidelines apply to SSAA 1992 and Fraud Act 2006 offences and prosecutors may wish to draw the court’s attention to that difference. Prosecutors may also need to be prepared to explain why Fraud Act offences have been selected over SSAA 1992 offences.

The limitation periods for Section 112 and Section 112 of the Social Security Administration Act offences are set out in Section 116 and of the SSAA 1992. The benefit recipient knowingly failed to give prompt notification of the change of circumstances in the prescribed manner to the prescribed person. The benefit recipient dishonestly failed to give prompt notification of the change in circumstances in the prescribed manner to the prescribed person. Whether notification is prompt is a matter of fact for the magistrates to determine on the basis of the other facts as they find them (see Coventry City Council v Vassell EWHC 1542). In making representations about appropriate venue, prosecutors will generally seek summary trial for appropriate benefit fraud cases involving sums up to £35,000. In assessing whether cases are appropriate for summary trial, prosecutors should refer to the Sentencing Council’s published guidelines for benefit fraud and determine the offence category and likely sentence.

The sufficiency of evidence date should normally be the date the last piece of essential evidence became available to the Secretary of State. Where a person is convicted of an offence under Section 111 and the refusal or neglect is continued by him after his conviction, he shall be guilty of a further offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding £40 for each day on which it is continued. The maximum penalty for an offence under Section 111 of the SSAA is a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale. The defendant caused or allowed to fail to promptly notify the change of circumstance in the prescribed manner to the prescribed person. The defendant failed to give prompt notification of that change in the prescribed manner to the prescribed person.